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  • Yet Another bwa mem unique post

    So, I am using the following version of BWA

    Program: bwa (alignment via Burrows-Wheeler transformation)
    Version: 0.7.12-r1039</pre>

    I got through a lot threads read answers and so on... still I am confused.

    this is the command I am using:
    bwa mem -t 8 -M -k 19 -r 1 -c 1 $ref_genome $1/$base1&quot;.trimmed&quot; &gt; $3/$NOEX

    and those are the explanation for every string I included:
    #-c keep those that have unique alignment (Discard a MEM if it has more than INT occurence in the genome. This is an insensitive parameter. [10000])
    #-r by reducing it to 1, I get bwa mem to work things out more intensively, like the --best command for bowtie (Larger value yields fewer seeds, which leads to faster alignment speed but lower accuracy)
    #-k seed length (I thing that 32 is to big????)
    #-M keep it compatible with picard tools
    #-t threads to use
    What are your opinion on the -c and -r strings?

    then I get to see the produced file and it has sequences that are marked with the optional field of XA:Z and SA:Z

    XA: Alternative hits; format: (chr,pos,CIGAR,NM* in anny case I have failed to find the XT:A:U optional flag

    SA: Z, not sure what it is but, it almost always coincide with the 256 flag = not primary alignment so I believe that this is NOT a unique aligned read.

    The question is mostly on XA:. there is no XA:U if it exist it is XA:Z and is followed by 3 or more genomic coordinates, and that makes me believe that this is not a uniquely mapped read.

    To wrap it up I remove from the SAM filewith the following:
    samtools view -h -q 1 -F 4 -F 256 $3/$NOEXT1.sam | grep -v "XA:Z" | grep -v "SA:Z" > $3/$NOEXT1_mem.sam;
    -F 4 : remove not mapped
    -F 256 : remove not primary aligned
    -q 1: remove reads with MAPQ quality less than 1 (I thing that this is quite necessary)

    QUESTION: Am, I missing something, Do I do something wrong?

    here are some reads as an example:

    those include both the SA: and the XA optional flag

    BIOMICS-HISEQHI:522:HCYM5ADXX:2:2115:14837:88360        16      chr12   87311997        1       34M17S  *       0       0       TCTATAAACACCTCTAAGAAAATAAACTAGAAAATCCAGATGAAATGGATA     BBBBBBABB&gt;A&lt;B&gt;B&gt;A?7BBB?A=0BBA?A?BBBBBBBA=BBBBBBBB?B     NM:i:1  MD:Z:0A33       AS:i:33 XS:i:31 SA:Z:chr2,161581931,+,32M19S,1,0;       XA:Z:chr9,-104599379,51M,5;chr3,+170653467,51M,5;
    BIOMICS-HISEQHI:522:HCYM5ADXX:2:1102:3525:68438 16      chr12   87311999        0       32M17S  *       0       0       TATAAACACCTCTAAGAAAATAAACTAGAAAATCCAGATGAAATGGATA       AA==5.DB8BB8=/??*&lt;D99D??9?D&lt;BEBD@FDD????E&lt;E?E&lt;CAC       NM:i:0  MD:Z:32 AS:i:32 XS:i:30 SA:Z:chr2,161581931,+,32M17S,0,0;       XA:Z:chr9,-104599381,49M,4;chr3,+170653467,49M,4;chr12,+46991828,49M,5;
    BIOMICS-HISEQHI:522:HCYM5ADXX:2:1209:6904:71888 256     chr17   59076122        0       33M18H  *       0       0       TTTTCCCATTCTGTAGATTGTCTGTTTACTCTG       IGGIIIIIIIIGA@GGGHFIIIIIFFHEIHIHF       NM:i:0  MD:Z:33 AS:i:33 XS:i:32 SA:Z:chr11,22585338,+,18S33M,0,0;       XA:Z:chr4,-151801895,19S32M,0;
    those got only the XA: optional flag
    BIOMICS-HISEQHI:522:HCYM5ADXX:2:2104:11639:55952        0       chr1    8120580 1       15S31M5S        *       0       0       TCTTGGGATGGACATGTGAGCTGAAATGGCGCCATTGCACTCCAGCTTGGG     GIIIGCGFGCGHEGFHIICCGIHDD&gt;HB&lt;CHHGAHHIIHHEHHFFFFFEDD     NM:i:0  MD:Z:31 AS:i:31 XS:i:29 XA:Z:chr8,+98304845,30M21S,1;chr20,+51943978,23S28M,0;chr16,+70407077,14S37M,2;chr8,+55962122,15S36M,2;chrX,-70173856,26M25S,0;
    BIOMICS-HISEQHI:522:HCYM5ADXX:2:2105:16548:32340        0       chr1    8120580 6       15S34M  *       0       0       CCTTGGGATGGACATGTGAGCTGAAATGGCGCCATTGCACTCCAGCCTG       HHIIHIEIBF1?DHGGDDDF&lt;FB?BGIHI&gt;FGI&lt;EHC@CCHEFE&gt;@BCC       NM:i:0  MD:Z:34 AS:i:34 XS:i:30 XA:Z:chr8,+98304845,30M19S,0;chr16,+70407077,14S35M,1;chr8,+55962122,15S34M,1;
    BIOMICS-HISEQHI:522:HCYM5ADXX:2:2106:5931:90491 0       chr1    8120580 6       14S32M  *       0       0       CTTGGGATGTACATGTGAGCTGAAATGGCGCCATTGCACTCCAGCC  @H4EC381)*1*:?B:*?:0:?BD?G*?8'-&lt;-5C4=;;D.?7A&gt;E  NM:i:0  MD:Z:32 AS:i:32 XS:i:28 XA:Z:chr16,+70407077,13S33M,1;chr8,+55962122,14S32M,1;
    BIOMICS-HISEQHI:522:HCYM5ADXX:2:2108:7261:70911 0       chr1    8120580 0       15S36M  *       0       0       TCTTGGGATGGACATGTGAGCTGAAATGGCGCCATTGCACTCCAGTCTGGG     :&gt;33@@1(.=?1&gt;99?3.=33.6=3:&gt;)=;533-5=9;;3&gt;9?;?8=?337     NM:i:2  MD:Z:30C3A1     AS:i:30 XS:i:29 XA:Z:chr8,+98304845,30M21S,1;chr1,-8936944,28M23S,0;chr16,+70407077,14S37M,2;chr8,+55962122,15S36M,2;chr10,-95309935,26M25S,0;
    BIOMICS-HISEQHI:522:HCYM5ADXX:2:2113:12753:98209        0       chr1    8120580 9       15S36M  *       0       0       CCTTGGGATGGACATGTGAGCTGAAATGGCGCCATTGCACTCCAGCCTGAG     &gt;&lt;6)&lt;2:86-97;3:?&gt;?==&lt;?&gt;?1=?3&gt;75;?3=?;?;=???;?==&gt;7;&gt;     NM:i:0  MD:Z:36 AS:i:36 XS:i:30 XA:Z:chr8,+98304845,30M21S,0;chr16,+70407077,14S37M,2
    Any help would be appreciated

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