Seqanswers Leaderboard Ad



No announcement yet.
  • Filter
  • Time
  • Show
Clear All
new posts

  • -specifying minimum read depth?

    Hi everyone, I was wondering if you might be able to help me with specifying a minimum read depth when calling consensus sequences?

    I'm running samtools-0.1.18 on Ubuntu 10.04. I have produced VCF files for all sites for my bacterial genome sequences (from BWA BAM files), which seem ok (based on using the following commandline: /samtools-0.1.18/samtools mpileup -E -q30 -Q30 -uf REF.fa isolate1.merged.bam | /samtools-0.1.18/bcftools/bcftools view -cg - > isolate1.all_sites.vcf), and am using the following command line in vcftools with the aim of specifying a minimum read depth of 3 when calling the genome consensus sequences:

    /samtools-0.1.18/bcfutils/ vcf2fq -d3 AB10.all_sites_E_q30_Q30.vcf > AB10.all_sites_E_q30_Q30_RD3.fq (which I convert to FASTA using a python script).

    Whether or not I specify the option -d3 (I believe 3 is the default anyway) in the commandline, in all cases where the VCF file states that DP=1 or DP=2, rather than not calling the base, it calls a lowercase letter at these sites.

    Over the course of my genomes, this amounts to approximately 48 000 bases in each genome which have been called lowercase, which includes approximately 650 variant sites. If these variant sites are of poor quality and include potentially false positive SNPs, this may be adversely affecting my downstream phylogenetic analysis.

    My questions are:
    a) Does anyone know if this is normal for it to insert a lowercase base rather than calling 'n' at these sites (which is what I was incorrectly assuming it would do!)
    b) What are your opinions on whether I should just replace all of these sites with an 'n' to be on the conservative side?

    Any help is much appreciated, SeqAnswers has been so great at helping in the past!

    Best Wishes,


  • #2
    how about your results finally ? i am doing the same process as your had done . i want to know may i have a chance to have a communication with you about this email:[email protected] QQ:461739553
    best wishes,


    • #3
      Here's the relevent part of the script:

      Options: -d INT minimum depth [$opts{d}]
      -D INT maximum depth [$opts{D}]
      -Q INT min RMS mapQ [$opts{Q}]
      -l INT INDEL filtering window [$opts{l}]
      my $_Q = $opts{Q};
      my $_d = $opts{d};
      my $_D = $opts{D};
      my %het = (AC=>'M', AG=>'R', AT=>'W', CA=>'M', CG=>'S', CT=>'Y',
      GA=>'R', GC=>'S', GT=>'K', TA=>'W', TC=>'Y', TG=>'K')


      my ($ref, $alt) = ($t[3], $1);
      my ($b, $q);
      $q = $1 if ($t[7] =~ /FQ=(-?[\d\.]+)/);
      if ($q < 0) {
      $_ = ($t[7] =~ /AF1=([\d\.]+)/)? $1 : 0;
      $b = ($_ < .5 || $alt eq '.')? $ref : $alt;
      $q = -$q;
      } else {
      $b = $het{"$ref$alt"};
      $b ||= 'N';
      $b = lc($b);
      $b = uc($b) if (($t[7] =~ /MQ=(\d+)/ && $1 >= $_Q) && ($t[7] =~ /DP=(\d+)/ && $1 >= $_d && $1 <= $_D));
      So basically, the only way an N gets put in is if the FQ is < 0 (which happens when your SNP is mixed), and there's no single letter code for that mix.

      Otherwise, it will be lowercase unless the MQ and DP are within the ranges you set in the options, in which case, it's uppercase.


      • #4
        So, I am wodnering what does a N in the concesus generated by mpileup measns?
        I am still confused about when FQ can be samller than 0? I am not sure what does mixed SNP mean?
        Does a N mean there is no read mapped to that particular site (if the bam is resulted by BWA mapping)?




        Latest Articles


        • seqadmin
          Recent Advances in Sequencing Analysis Tools
          by seqadmin

          The sequencing world is rapidly changing due to declining costs, enhanced accuracies, and the advent of newer, cutting-edge instruments. Equally important to these developments are improvements in sequencing analysis, a process that converts vast amounts of raw data into a comprehensible and meaningful form. This complex task requires expertise and the right analysis tools. In this article, we highlight the progress and innovation in sequencing analysis by reviewing several of the...
          05-06-2024, 07:48 AM
        • seqadmin
          Essential Discoveries and Tools in Epitranscriptomics
          by seqadmin

          The field of epigenetics has traditionally concentrated more on DNA and how changes like methylation and phosphorylation of histones impact gene expression and regulation. However, our increased understanding of RNA modifications and their importance in cellular processes has led to a rise in epitranscriptomics research. “Epitranscriptomics brings together the concepts of epigenetics and gene expression,” explained Adrien Leger, PhD, Principal Research Scientist...
          04-22-2024, 07:01 AM





        Topics Statistics Last Post
        Started by seqadmin, 05-14-2024, 07:03 AM
        0 responses
        Last Post seqadmin  
        Started by seqadmin, 05-10-2024, 06:35 AM
        0 responses
        Last Post seqadmin  
        Started by seqadmin, 05-09-2024, 02:46 PM
        0 responses
        Last Post seqadmin  
        Started by seqadmin, 05-07-2024, 06:57 AM
        0 responses
        Last Post seqadmin