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  • RNA-Seq: Deep sequencing reveals abundant noncanonical retroviral microRNAs in B-cell

    Deep sequencing reveals abundant noncanonical retroviral microRNAs in B-cell leukemia/lymphoma.

    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Jan 23

    Rosewick N, Momont M, Durkin K, Takeda H, Caiment F, Cleuter Y, Vernin C, Mortreux F, Wattel E, Burny A, Georges M, Van den Broeke A.

    Unit of Animal Genomics, Groupe Interdisciplinaire Génoprotéomique Appliquée, Université de Liège, 4000 Liège, Belgium

    Laboratory of Experimental Hematology, Institut Jules Bordet, Université Libre de Bruxelles, 1000 Brussels, Belgium


    Abstract
    Viral tumor models have significantly contributed to our understanding of oncogenic mechanisms. How transforming delta-retroviruses induce malignancy, however, remains poorly understood, especially as viral mRNA/protein are tightly silenced in tumors. Here, using deep sequencing of broad windows of small RNA sizes in the bovine leukemia virus ovine model of leukemia/lymphoma, we provide in vivo evidence of the production of noncanonical RNA polymerase III (Pol III)-transcribed viral microRNAs in leukemic B cells in the complete absence of Pol II 5'-LTR-driven transcriptional activity. Processed from a cluster of five independent self-sufficient transcriptional units located in a proviral region dispensable for in vivo infectivity, bovine leukemia virus microRNAs represent ∼40% of all microRNAs in both experimental and natural malignancy. They are subject to strong purifying selection and associate with Argonautes, consistent with a critical function in silencing of important cellular and/or viral targets. Bovine leukemia virus microRNAs are strongly expressed in preleukemic and malignant cells in which structural and regulatory gene expression is repressed, suggesting a key role in tumor onset and progression. Understanding how Pol III-dependent microRNAs subvert cellular and viral pathways will contribute to deciphering the intricate perturbations that underlie malignant transformation.

    PMID : 23345446
    PNAS : http://www.pnas.org/content/110/6/2306.abstract
    Last edited by NicoBxl; 02-06-2013, 03:11 AM.

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